A New Perspective on Thermodynamics by Bernard H. Lavenda (auth.)

By Bernard H. Lavenda (auth.)

Dr. Bernard H. Lavenda has written a brand new standpoint on Thermodynamics to mix an previous examine thermodynamics with a brand new beginning. The e-book provides a old viewpoint, which unravels the present presentation of thermodynamics present in normal texts, and which emphasizes the basic position that Carnot performed within the improvement of thermodynamics.

A New standpoint on Thermodynamics will:

  • Chronologically resolve the improvement of the foundations of thermodynamics and the way they have been conceived by way of their discoverers
  • Bring the idea of thermodynamics as much as the current time and point out components of additional improvement with the union of data idea and the idea of potential and their inequalities. New parts contain nonextensive thermodynamics, the thermodynamics of coding concept, multifractals, and weird attractors.
  • Reintroduce vital, but approximately forgotten, teachings of N.L. Sardi Carnot
  • Highlight conceptual flaws in well timed subject matters reminiscent of endoreversible engines, finite-time thermodynamics, geometrization of thermodynamics, and nonequilibrium paintings from equilibrium loose power differences.

Dr. Bernard H. Lavenda is Professor of actual Chemistry at Universita degli Studi di Camerino, Italy. he's recipient of the 2009 Telesio-Galeli Prize in Physics for his paintings on irreversible thermodynamics.

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Extra info for A New Perspective on Thermodynamics

Example text

It is astonishing that as late as the last decade of the nineteenth century, there was still confusion between heat capacities and heat. 16) there would not have been the necessity of considering a unit temperature difference that leaves the right-hand side equal to R. Mayer’s analysis is based on the fact that the amount of heat absorbed by a gas, as it expands at constant temperature, is exactly equal to the thermal equivalent of the mechanical work done by the gas as it expands. Reversing this process we conclude that the heat developed by compressing the gas at uniform temperature is the thermal equivalent of the work done to compress it.

In his own words Born [1949] writes as follows: But even as a student, I thought that they deviated too much from the ordinary methods of physics; I discussed the problem with my mathematical friend, Carath´eodory, with the result that he analyzed it and produced a much more satisfactory solution. This was about forty years ago, but still all textbooks reproduce the “classical” method, and I am almost certain that the same holds for the great majority of lectures : : : This state of affairs seems to me one of unhealthy conservatism.

Even later, in Tait’s 1868 exposition in Sketch of Thermodynamics, the Carnot–Clapeyron equation, which is the result of the absolute temperature being the integrating denominator for the heat absorbed at the temperature at which it is absorbed, is derived instead by a geometrical construction. 3), has been employed. Truesdell [1980] implicates F 0 , equal to our d ln C =dT , to obtain the proportionality 26 2 Thermodynamics from Carnot to Clausius and Kelvin between the work done and the heat absorbed.

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