A Rosicrucian Utopia in Eighteenth-Century Russia: The by Raffaella Faggionato

By Raffaella Faggionato

The writer undertakes an research into the background of Russian Freemasonry that has now not been tried formerly. Her premise is that the Russian Enlightenment indicates extraordinary positive aspects, which stop the applying of the interpretative framework frequent for the background of western idea. the writer offers with the advance of early Russian masonry, the formation of the Novikov circle in Moscow, the ‘programme’ of Rosicrucianism and the nature of its Russian variation and, ultimately, the conflict among the Rosicrucians and the country. the writer concludes that the defenders of the Ancien Régime weren't incorrect. in truth the democratic behaviour, the severe angle, the perform of participation, the liberty of notion, the tolerance for the variety, the quest for an instantaneous conversation with the divinity, briefly all of the attitudes and behaviours first practiced contained in the eighteenth century Rosicrucian resorts constituted a cultural event which unfold in the course of the complete society. Novikov’s imprisonment in 1792 and the struggle opposed to the Rosicrucian literature have been makes an attempt to thwart a tradition, in response to the independence of notion that was once taking root contained in the very institution, representing a threat to its stability.

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7 Conclusion As mentioned at the outset, many readers will have started out with their own ideas about the central issues of business ethics in relation to strategy. 2 which referred to 16 “main themes”. 2) can then be used to place those preliminary “ideas” on the subject relative to all published contributions. By first expressing one’s own ideas then shaping them within a framework, understanding is advanced. Throughout, there have also been some references made to other chapter numbers where the themes, sub-themes and bi-polar components of the framework are discussed further.

G. Rapoport, 1991). Related work by Mackie (1978) offers rational game theoretic accounts of many principles of everyday observed morality such as returning favours. Also in this spirit, Axelrod (1984) used computers to explore the vast complexities of dynamic gaming, uncovering rational foundations for being nice and forgiving (typical moral language) as well as provocable and clear. g. Nielsen, 1988; Singer, 1988). Experimental gaming research at the interface of economics and psychology has forged yet other pathways between rationality and moral reasoning.

Choosing forms of rationality Deliberative etc. Isomorphism Profit-max Meta-rational & Meta-ethical criteria Selecting strategy concepts & terms Stakeholders as constraints Reflective practitioner, Stakeholder dialogue etc. 4 Choosing rationalities and strategy concepts. qxd 7/9/2007 10:22 AM Page 49 Strategy as Moral Philosophy 49 same way. Put differently, it makes good sense to say that corporate strategy should be predicated on a view of stakeholders-as-constraints, but this sense of “should” is explicitly and critically qualified by the meta-criteria.

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