Advanced Smartgrids for Distribution System Operators by Marc Boillot

By Marc Boillot

The dynamic of the power Transition is engaged in lots of quarter of the area. it is a actual problem for electrical platforms and a paradigm shift for latest distribution networks. With the aid of "advanced" shrewdpermanent applied sciences, the Distribution procedure Operators could have a relevant position to combine vastly renewable new release, electrical car and insist reaction courses. Many initiatives are on-going to strengthen and check complicated clever grids strategies, with already a few classes learnt. in any case, the clever Grid is a median for Distribution method Operators to make sure the standard and the safety of strength supply.Several books were written to supply a definition of clever grids, discover the several technical evolution wanted and clarify / examine what will be the advantages. All these books are carried out on theoretical foundation through lecturers and method experts. This new publication will suggest a complementary and singular process in response to a pragmatic adventure from DSO's.

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This chapter presents the smart grids. The massive input of RES promotes the development of network observability, in real time, and reinforces its control. The goal is to optimize the costs, while allowing the network to increase its RES carrying capacity. To reach this objective, it is appropriate to take advantage of solutions for dynamic management of constraints. The secondary substation is an essential element as it has the potential to become a privileged point of observability, as well as communication node between information technologies (IT) and downstream uses.

A real challenge for electric systems – a paradigm shift for distribution networks. In yesterday’s market, the distribution networks were often designed to be operated radially in order to distribute electricity from HV/MV substations connected to transmission level, down to the enduser consumers. With the energy transition, tomorrow’s electricity distribution network operation and management will change. The distribution networks will have to manage more complex interlinked networks mixing generation and demand with much higher variations and reverse flows from distribution to transmission networks.

It is essential to operate installations as close as possible to their limit and to be aware of their lifetime expectancy. This shows the importance of real-time monitoring systems based on decentralized sensors; – the communication network is the key point to modernizing the electric power network. Today, it may be based on various technologies: dedicated lines, power line carrier (that is using the electrical current as support for the signal), shortwave radio, microwave transmission, optical fiber, etc.

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