By Erdman Palmore PhD
During this up-to-date version, Palmore presents a entire evaluate for plenty of varied kinds of ageism together with the curiosity inspiration of confident ageism, which tasks onto the aged as a bunch conventional virtues like knowledge. He discusses either person and social impacts on attitudes in the direction of the elderly; analyzes institutional styles of ageism; and explores how one can lessen the influence of ageism at the aged. This e-book is a priceless source and textual content for college kids and pros drawn to the sociology of getting older in our society.
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Extra resources for Ageism: Negative and Positive
Furthermore, elders have fewer injuries in the home than do persons younger than age 65 and fewer accidents on the highway than younger persons (National Safety Council, 1996). Thus, the higher rate of chronic illness among elders is partly offset by the lower rates of acute illness, injury, and accidents. These lower rates are probably due mainly to the fact that elders usually take better care of themselves: they avoid the exposure to infectious diseases that occurs at schools and workplace, and they avoid the dangerous situations that cause injuries and accidents.
For younger people, the government provides health care only to the poor through Medicaid. Personal and Institutional Ageism Personal ageism is prejudice or discrimination by individuals, while institutional ageism is a policy of an institution or organization that discriminates for or against elders, such as a compulsory retirement policy. 1). This distinction is similar to the familiar distinction between personal racism and institutional racism (Levin & Levin, 1982). Gerontophobia and gerontophilia (next section) are examples of personal ageism, whereas gerontocracy is an example of institutional ageism.
Changes since 1950 show elders and nonwhites making substantial gains in income, occupation, and education, whereas women were hardly improving their generally inferior financial and occupational status. Cohort changes are the main explanations for the gains of elders relative to younger people. Elders have made such substantial gains in status that many critics have begun to argue that many of the programs and services "for seniors only" have become positive ageism. Certainly this is an issue that will increase in importance as the costs of these programs increase.