Alcoholic Korsakoff's Syndrome. An Information-Processing by Nelson Butters

By Nelson Butters

• Edit date: 1980 • writer: educational Press. Inc • ISBN: 0-12-148380-0 • writer: Nelson Butters/Laird S. Cermak • Preface/Forward: through the authors • No. Pages: 188

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Extra info for Alcoholic Korsakoff's Syndrome. An Information-Processing Approach to Amnesia

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RECOGNITION A recognition test differs from a recall test in that it provides the correct response embedded within a list of several other alternatives. The patient must choose the correct response from among these alternatives during a specified retrieval period. In other words, instead of having to try to recall the responses on his own, the patient is provided a set of responses from which to choose. The task could be either: 30 2. THE ORIGINAL MEMORY MODEL to select which responses he learned, or to tell which responses were originally paired with which stimuli, or to arrange the responses in a particular order.

On the other hand, the amnesic patients' recency performance was nearly normal. T h e ramifications of this outcome will be discussed in the next chapter, but it is important to note here that the only items that seemed to attain L T M status in the amnesics' memory were the first one or two presented. In an attempt to determine at least one of the factors underlying alcoholic Korsakoff patients' impaired LTM performance, Cermak and Butters (1972) performed an experiment in which the patients were orally presented with a short serial list of eight words.

As long-term retention is most apparent in paired-associate learning and somewhat less so with serial learning, paired-associate learning will be discussed first. PAIRED-ASSOCIATE LEARNING Paired-associate (P-A) learning is routinely administered to all amnesic patients as part of the Wechsler Memory Scale, and it is well known that alcoholic Korsakoff patients perform abysmally on the hard items, but do learn a few of the easier items. , north-south, up-down), it is questionable whether new learning is necessarily tested by this task.

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