Algebra: Rings, Modules and Categories I by Carl Faith

By Carl Faith

VI of Oregon lectures in 1962, Bass gave simplified proofs of a couple of "Morita Theorems", incorporating rules of Chase and Schanuel. one of many Morita theorems characterizes whilst there's an equivalence of different types mod-A R::! mod-B for 2 jewelry A and B. Morita's resolution organizes rules so successfully that the classical Wedderburn-Artin theorem is an easy outcome, and furthermore, a similarity classification [AJ within the Brauer workforce Br(k) of Azumaya algebras over a commutative ring okay contains all algebras B such that the corresponding different types mod-A and mod-B which includes k-linear morphisms are similar through a k-linear functor. (For fields, Br(k) comprises similarity periods of straightforward relevant algebras, and for arbitrary commutative ok, this can be subsumed lower than the Azumaya [51]1 and Auslander-Goldman [60J Brauer crew. ) a number of different circumstances of a marriage of ring idea and class (albeit a shot­ gun wedding!) are inside the textual content. moreover, in. my try to extra simplify proofs, significantly to do away with the necessity for tensor items in Bass's exposition, I exposed a vein of principles and new theorems mendacity wholely inside ring concept. This constitutes a lot of bankruptcy four -the Morita theorem is Theorem four. 29-and the foundation for it's a corre­ spondence theorem for projective modules (Theorem four. 7) prompt through the Morita context. As a derivative, this offers beginning for a slightly whole thought of straightforward Noetherian rings-but extra approximately this within the introduction.

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25 (revised). Amer. Math. , Providence 1948, 1967. : Theorie des Ensembles. Actualites Scientifiques et Industrielles, Nos. 1212,1243. Paris: Hermann 1960,1963, Chapters 1-3. : Contributions to the Founding of the Theory of Transfinite Numbers. New York: Dover Publ. 1942. Cohen, P. : Set Theory and the Continuum Hypothesis. New York: Benjamin 1966. - The independence of the continuum hypothesis, I, II. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. A. 50, 1143-1148 (1963); 51,105-110 (1964). Cohn, P. : Universal Algebra.

If a is an element of A such that a >x (resp. a x) V x EX, then a is called an upper bound (resp. ) in case a is the least element in the set of upper bounds of X in A. b. in A, it is unique. ). , a /I. b in A. The class of all lattices is closed and self-dual (see 10). 13. < Examples and Exercises. 13·1 Let A = Pow Y, where Y =1= 0. Then A is ordered by inclusion, and for a, b E A, a V b = a u b (set union) and a /I. b = a n b (set intersection). Hence, Pow Y is a lattice. Furthermore, for any set A, there is a duality d { Pow A -+ Pow A X~A -X.

The following properties of ordinals hold: Any initial segment of an ordinal is an ordinal. 2 If ex is an ordinal, and if x E ex, then x = (y E ex I y < x), and x is an ordinal. If ex is an ordinal, then ex u {ex} is an ordinal, the successor of ex. 3 26. Examples. 3 0, {0}=0U{0}, {0, {0}} = {0} U {{0}}, and so forth. 36 Foreword on Set Theory 27. Exercise. (0) is the unique ordinal with precisely one element. 28. Theorem. If A is any well ordered set, there exist a unique ordinal iX and order isomorphism f: A -r iX.

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