By Renzhi Hou
This ebook is ready the town of Peiping in China, often referred to as Beijing and Peking, and a urban of significant historic value. Divided into 3 elements, this paintings explores Peiping first as a frontier urban at a time while the good Wall was once validated, from the Chou dynasty (ca.1122—220 B.C.) till the T’ang Dynasties as much as the Khitan career (A.D. 590—937). the second one half explores Peiping because it turns into a countrywide centre, throughout the Liao Dynasty and the Chin Dynasty, until eventually 1234, and the 3rd half explores the way it turned the capital of the chinese language empire, until eventually 1911. This paintings is a old geography and the advent information topographical positive factors and geographical family members of town, describing the best way the mountains upward push from the apparent growing concave hands to surround Peiping, resulting in the identify, the ‘Bay of Peiping’. We examine that the mountains often succeed in over 3000ft and feature virtually no foot-hills, while the bay itself is full of sediments of gravel, sand, loam and loess which were deposited in horizontal strata, to a very good intensity. various illustrations and figures are incorporated, and readers will see how town sits among rivers, the Hun (浑河 or Muddy River) and the Pai (白河 or White River). those chapters demonstrate how each one river has made its contribution to the fabric improvement of the town and its environs, together with via irrigation and because the Hun River shifted its direction. due to the geography of the zone, just about all roads top from the northern lands of Mongolia and Manchuria to the nice simple of North China within the south are certain to converge at Peiping. The old results of this, in addition to neighborhood weather stipulations and different features of geography are explored during this e-book, which lines the historic upward push to eminence of Peiping.
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Additional info for An Historical Geography of Peiping
Herrmann, A. (1935). Historical and commercial Atlas of China (Harvard-Yenching Institute, Monograph Series 1). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 8. Cressey, G. B. (1934). China’s geographic foundations. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company. 9. Lee, J. S. (1928). Chung-kuo Ti-shih Pien-chien Hsiao Shih (李四光《中国地势变迁小史》, An history of the topographical evolution of China). Shanghai: Commercial Press. D. C. did not last very long. , another frontier power among the seven Martial States, the Ch’in State (秦), had become stronger and stronger.
Moreover, both Ch’in and Han had made territorial conquests in many directions. But our chief concern here is with the territories adjacent to the former feudal state of Yen. As stated in the previous chapter, the state of Yen had already included the lower Liao valley within its boundary. The Ch’in dynasty made little advance in this direction, though it is alleged that the eastern section of the Great Wall, which was first built by Yen, was further extended by Ch’in as far as the mouth of Ya-lu River (鸭绿江).
See Ssu-ma Ch’ien, Shih Chi, Chou Pen Chi, Historical Records, the Annals of Chou). None of these seems to be reliable. The earliest indication giving the impression that the city Chi had been the capital of Yen is found in Chan Kuo Ts’e. In its text, the term Chi Chiu (蓟丘), or the Mount of Chi, was mentioned together with the palaces of the capital of Yen (see Chan Kuo Ts’e, Kuo-hsüeh Chi-pen Ts’ung-shu edition, 30/73a). But whether the mount was inside a city or not is not stated. This mount of Chi, as recorded by Li Tao-yüan at a much later date, was situated at the northwest corner of the city of Chi in his day, and he ventured to explain that the city was, in fact, named after the mount, and hence the name Chi (op.