Application of Optimal Control Theory to Enhanced Oil by W. Fred Ramirez

By W. Fred Ramirez

In recent times, more suitable oil restoration strategies have acquired a lot awareness within the oil undefined. stronger oil restoration equipment could be divided into 3 significant different types: thermal procedures which come with steam flooding, steam stimulation, and in-situ combustion; chemical tactics which come with surfactant-polymer injection, polymer flooding, and caustic flooding; and miscible displacement tactics which come with miscible hydrocarbon displacement, carbon dioxide injection of enormous quantities of relatively dear fluids into oil bearing reservoir formations. advertisement program of any better oil restoration strategy depends financial projections that exhibit a good go back at the funding. due to excessive chemical expenditures, you will need to optimize stronger oil restoration methods to supply the best restoration on the lowest chemical injection expense. the purpose of this ebook is to boost an optimum keep an eye on idea for the decision of working thoughts that maximize the commercial reputation of better oil restoration methods. The decision of optimum keep an eye on histories or working suggestions is without doubt one of the key parts within the winning utilization of recent improved oil restoration recommendations. the knowledge inside the booklet will consequently be either attention-grabbing and important to all these operating in petroleum engineering, petroleum administration and chemical engineering.

Show description

Read Online or Download Application of Optimal Control Theory to Enhanced Oil Recovery PDF

Best petroleum books

Geological exploration in Murzuq Basin: the Geological Conference on Exploration in the Murzuq Basin held in Sabha, September 20-22, 1998

The Murzuq Basin is a huge intracratonic sag basin positioned in southwestern Libya. Exploration efforts began during this monstrous and distant Saharan quarter already in 1957 and 60 exploratory wells were drilled to this point, leading to over 20 discoveries with round 4,000 million barrels of oil in position.

Fluid Dynamics of Oil and Gas Reservoirs

Even if as a textbook for the petroleum engineering pupil or a reference for the veteran engineer operating within the box, this new quantity is a priceless asset within the engineer’s library for brand spanking new, validated equipment of extra effective oil and fuel exploration and construction and higher estimating methods.  during this ebook, the authors mix a rigorous, but effortless to appreciate, method of petrophysics and the way it's utilized to petroleum and environmental engineering to unravel a number of difficulties that the engineer or geologist faces each day.

Guide to the Practical Use of Chemicals in Refineries and Pipelines

Consultant to functional Use of chemical compounds in Refineries and Pipelines promises a well-rounded selection of content material, references, and patents to teach all of the useful chemical offerings to be had for refinery and pipeline utilization, in addition to their reasons, merits, and common features. overlaying the entire spectrum of downstream operations, this reference solves the numerous difficulties that engineers and executives at present face, together with corrosion, leakage in pipelines, and pretreatment of heavy oil feedstocks, anything that's of transforming into curiosity with contemporary unconventional task.

Extra info for Application of Optimal Control Theory to Enhanced Oil Recovery

Sample text

The spatial boundary of the problem is denoted as 52. The time variable is t and is contained in the interval [O,tfl where tf < 0 0 . 1-4) represent:; the boundary domain contributions performance functional represents the volume domain contributions performance functional to the to the Fundamental Concepts The optimal control problem is concerned with finding the extrema of specified functionals. In this section we will introduce the fundamental concepts that define a functional, properties of functionals, and variational concepts needed for extremizing functionals.

I . , 1976. Enhanced Oil Recovery--An Analysis o f the Potential f o r Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques from Known Fields in the United States--1976 to 2000, National Petroleum Council. Lake, L. W . , and P o p e , G . A . , 1979. "Status of Micellar/Polymer Field Tests," Pet. , 51, N o . 13, 38. Longman G r o u p Limited, 1984. 1984 Financial Times Oil and Gas International Year Book, Westgate House, England. Schumacher, M . M . , e d . , 1980. Enhanced Recovery o f Residual and Heavy Oils, Second Edition, Noyes Data Corporation, Park Ridge, New Jersey.

007 CO,il (1 - e (ri+ra-ro) - $84,315 CO,il ( r i + ra -r 9 ) - ( r i + r -r ) t a 0 (1 - e )I per 40 acres -(ri+ra-r )t (1-28) per 40 acres To complete the specification of the injection costs terms, we need to specify the current oil price, CO,il, the final slug injection time, t,, the discount rate f o r investment, r a , the inflation discount rate, r i , and the oil price inflation rate, T o . We will use a current oil price of $25 per barrel, and the discount rate for investment has been chosen t o be 8%.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.77 of 5 – based on 3 votes