By Olga Borik
Point and Reference Time investigates the temporal constitution of language. It offers with crucial matters within the knowing of stressful and element, proposes a brand new method of the most difficulties within the quarter, and seeks to set up the common semantic homes of 2 very important and contentious aspectual different types, perfectivity and imperfectivity. Dr Borik develops an unique concept of point. She indicates how this bills for aspectual different types in Russian, and that it may possibly used to match Russian to different languages the place comparable aspectual matters come up. She devotes specific cognizance to English, a language which appears to be like to don't have any grammatical different types of perfectivity and imperfectivity. She argues that the semantic homes tested for the Russian tense-aspect procedure are mirrored in English, and divulges parallels within the expression of temporal and aspectual details within the languages. element and Reference Time will curiosity all students of the syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of element and stressful. The author's transparent exposition and cross-linguistic technique make it an invaluable foundation for classes at graduate point.
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Extra resources for Aspect and Reference Time
German) name for aspect in Slavic languages. Since it was not very handy to have two terms referring to the same phenomenon, the situation was bound to change. e. ) conveyed by some derivational preWxes in Slavic languages were called Aktionsarten. This opposition is found in many important contributions, for instance, Isacˇenko (1960), and is often encountered in the literature on Slavic aspect up to the present time. This is just one example of the—often very confusing—complexity of the aspectual terminology.
Note, however, that this would only be true if imperfective did not have readings other than progressive. 13) Petja was looking for a book ! 13) trivially holds. However, Russian imperfective can also have the meaning of the English present perfect or simple past (see Chapter 6 for details). For now, the conclusion is that the progressive test can be applied to Russian imperfectives, given that the progressive interpretation is excluded for the sentence on the right-hand side. 14) a. John (has) already looked for a book b.
3, I review the theories of Verkuyl (1972, 1993) and Krifka (1992, 1998, 2001) that provide mechanisms for deriving the telicity value. The next section is fully devoted to the existing approaches to the deWnition of the notion of telicity. 2). 3. 5 provides a short comparison of event-based and temporally-based semantic approaches to aspect and shows that my deWnition can be formulated in terms of both approaches without losing its empirical force. 1 Preliminary remarks: how many aspects? There are two categories that are used in the linguistic analysis of the temporal structure of sentences in language: tense and aspect.