By Christophe Grellard, Aurélien Robert, Aureleien Robert
This publication is the results of a collective try to provide a basic survey of the improvement of atomism and its critics within the overdue heart a while. all of the members focussed at the 13th and fourteenth centuries atomists and anti-atomists, with an intensive exam of a few vital figures, as Nicholas of Autrecourt or John Wyclif, and lesser referred to as Gerard of Odo or William Crathorn for instance. From these essays on specific authors a brand new means of realizing the discussions of atomism in overdue medieval philosophy and theology emerges. This quantity demonstrates the lifestyles of sturdy and intricate connections among usual philosophy, arithmetic and theology within the medieval discussions of the atomistic speculation. All chapters current a brand new examine that may be of curiosity to historians of medieval philosophy, technological know-how and theology.
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Note 3) Naples, 239v, 241v; Valencia, 123r, 124r: “Probatio consequentie pro cuius evidentia premittuntur tres suppositiones. Prima est quod in omni tempore contingit aliquid moveri velocius et tardius. Secunda quod mobile velocius plus pertransit de spatio in equali tempore mobili tardiori. Tertia quod contingit mobili tardo duplicem sesquialteram seu emioliam longitudinem pertransiri a velociori . . Ad probationem respondeo, primo ad suppositiones: Nego eas omnes tres ad intellectum ad quem inducuntur.
164, fol. 25r): “Quocumque motu locali signato potest motus localis uniformis et continuus omni proportione recte finite ad rectam finitam velocior et tardior inveniri. Coroll. ” 57 Aristotle, Physics, IV, 11, 219a10–14. 58 For they did not maintain the alternative of the equality of speeds for atoms as Epicurus’s had done (Diogene Laertius, X, 61) which, in any case, they did not have at their disposal. Nor were they cognizant of Epicurus’s answer to Aristotle’s argument in Phys. VI, 2. 59 William Crathorn (ed.
32 john e. 51 This was the literature of “limit decisions” (as I and others have called it). Its concern was determining whether, to speak in modern terms, things were intrinsically or extrinsically limited (both successive things and permanent things against a continuous time). Now one of the most creative aspects of this “limit decision” literature was the many sophismata constructed to deal with these decisions. 52 Further, the problem of limit decisions and the late medieval indivisibilists comes clearly into the picture when Bradwardine in his Tractatus de continuo showed that indivisibilism effectively destroyed the distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic limits that was at the heart of all this fourteenth-century literature, something that would be preserved For example, Peter of Spain, Tractatus, called afterwards Summule logicales [ De Rijk], pp.